Preprint: Stratified graphene-noble metal systems for low-loss plasmonics applications

Lauren Rast, Vinod Tewary and I have just posted to the arXiv a preprint of our joint paper “Stratified graphene-noble metal systems for low-loss plasmonics applications”, which has been accepted for publication in Physical Review B later this year.

Graphene — which is basically just a sheet of carbon graphite just a few atomic layers thick — is often hailed in the press as a “wonder material”, usually because of its material properties such as its exceptionally high strength-to-weight ratio. Another area of interest, however, is the study of the electronic and optical properties of graphene.

Graphene has a very high carrier mobility, meaning that if you excite it by shooting some light at it, then the electrons in the graphene sheet will wiggle about in a very pleasant manner (called a plasmon) and thereby transmit a large chunk of the energy contained in the incident light as electrical current through the graphene sheet. This is exactly what you want a solar cell to do if you want to generate electricity from sunlight — and a graphene-based “thin film” solar cell would be much thinner and lighter than today’s solar cells.

But there’s a tiny problem: graphene doesn’t do this very well at visible frequencies of light. Silver, on the other hand, does respond very sympathetically to visible light, but is much more lossy. But, a-ha! What is one were to make a graphene and silver sandwich? Could one have the best of both worlds, i.e. absorption in the visible range like silver, and low electronic energy loss like graphene?

Our paper is a theoretical and numerical exploration of such sandwich structures, and we show that such composites do go a long way towards this best of both worlds.